V A Saraswat
Uday C Ghoshal
The Department, started in 1987 with two faculty members, one technician
and five beds, has grown to five faculty members, 16 senior residents,
five technicians and 60 beds. During this period, the Department has endeavoured
to achieve three major goals: i) specialized high quality patient care,
ii) postgraduate teaching, and iii) research in gastroenterology.
The Department provides state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic
endoscopic services and inpatient facilities for complicated and serious
gastrointestinal and pediatric gastrointestinal disorders. Special techniques
available include: i) esophageal and rectal manometry and 24-hour pH recording,
ii) diagnostic and therapeutic biliary and pancreatic endoscopic procedures
like papillotomy, biliary stenting, pancreatic duct stenting, etc., iii)
endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy and ligation, iv) endoscopic ultrasonography,
the first facility of its kind in the country, v) extracorporeal lithotripsy
for biliary calculi, vi) endoscopic esophageal dilation and stend placement,
and vii) percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. The Department is also active
in the field of Pediatric Gastroenterology, with particular interest in
metabolic liver disease, neonatal hepatitis and extra-hepatic biliary atresia.
The department has also been providing medical services to inmates of
Jyotinagar (a leprosy hospital and village in Mohanlalganj, Lucknow, run
by the Missionaries of Charity) for three years.
The DM (Gastroenterology) programme started in 1989, and 12 trainees
have passed out till date. The PhD programme started in 1989; one student
has completed the program and two are currently enrolled.
The Department has been active in imparting its know-how to the medical
community through several continuing medical education programmes, workshops,
etc. It has pursued its interest in scientific communication and teaching
methodology through periodic workshops.
Major thrust areas of the Department's research consist of viral hepatitis
(in particular, hepatitis E), chronic liver disease, gallstone disease
and amebiasis resulting in an impressive list of publications in international
journals. The Department was responsible for investigating the world's
largest epidemic of hepatitis E in Kanpur, which affected an estimated
79,000 people. It continues to reflect its interest in community health
work through its research on water contamination and enteric infections
in Almora district of Uttar Pradesh hills.
Several extramural and several intramural grants have funded most of
the research. Department's work has won several international and national
awards. The Department's faculty has received several national and international
honours. In 1993, the Centre of Gastroenterology was awarded the Pfizer-Amir
Chand Trophy of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology for best institutional
research in the country.
Links to Gastroenterology