The Institute has a 600-bed hospital
and the following departments: Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Thoracic
Surgery, Endocrinology, Endocrine Surgery, Gastroenterology, Surgical Gastroenterology,
Medical Genetics, Clinical Immunology, Nephrology, Urology, Neurology,
Neurosurgery, Anesthesiology, Microbiology, Nuclear Medicine, Pathology,
Radiology, Radiotherapy and Transfusion Medicine.
of Cardiology has facilities for electrophysiological and functional studies
of the heart and a catheterisation laboratory with an impressive record
of coronary angiography, angioplasty, and balloon valvuloplasty. The department
also undertakes placement of stents in coronary vessels and in congenital
defects. The Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery has a thriving
programme of open and closed heart operations for congenital and acquired
heart diseases, including coronary artery bypass.
of Endocrinology performs assays of a wide range of hormones and runs an
active programme for care of juvenile diabetics. It has been interested
particularly in the problems of endemic iodine deficiency goitre, endemic
fluorosis and parathyroid disorders. The Department of Endocrine Surgery
is the very first full fledged department of its kind in the country and
has interests in treatment of parathyroid tumours, phaeochromocytomas and
breast cancer. It is also equipped with intraoperative ultrasonography.
of Gastroenterology has modern endoscopic equipments including videoendoscopes
and endoscopic ultrasound and provides therapeutic procedures in pancreatobiliary
tract, endoscopic sclerotherapy and band ligation for esophageal varices,
endoscopic polypectomy, and dilatation of esophageal strictures. The department
has the following laboratories: a) biliary stone analysis laboratory, b)
liver laboratory, c) physiology laboratory performing esophageal motility
studies, 24-hour ambulatory esophageal pH measurement and small bowel absorption,
and d) parasitolgy laboratory. Along with the Department of Surgical Gastroenterology,
the department provides a comprehensive therapeutic facility for patients
with biliary stones. The Department of Surgical Gastroenterology performs
difficult surgical procedures in biliary tract and pancreas, hepatic and
oesophageal resections and sphincter saving procedures for ulcerative colitis.
It is particularly interested in the problem of gall bladder cancer and
shunt and non-shunt surgery for portal hypertension. The department has
an active programme for minimal access surgery.
of Medical Genetics is involved in diagnosis of genetic disorders particularly
thalassaemias and other haemolytic anaemias. It provides comprehensive
antenatal diagnostic facilities and has a genetic counselling programme.
It has an active HLA laboratory, which is engaged in anthropological studies
and in screening of donors for renal transplantation.
of Clinical Immunology manages rheumatological and infectious diseases
and has been involved in diagnosing immuno-deficiency and immuno-malignancy
of Nephrology runs a large modern dialysis unit with facilities for haemodialysis,
peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (first in
the country) and continuous arteriovenous haemofiltration. The Department
of Urology has active endourology, lithotripsy, stone analysis, urodynamic
and kidney transplantation programmes. The department provides a comprehensive
package of treatment including lithotripsy, percutaneous and endoscopic
extraction, and surgery for urolithiasis.
of Neurology has excellent neurophysiological facilities to perform electroencephalography,
electromyography, evoked potential studies and nerve conduction studies
and a laboratory which focuses on studies of neurotransmitters. The department
has been concentrating on neurotoxicology, neuromuscular junction abnormalities
and epilepsy. The Department of Neurosurgery has identified microneurosurgery,
paediatric neurosurgery, stereotactic neurosurgery and skull base surgery
as its thrust areas. It also has well established neuro-otology and neuro-ophthalmology
of Anaesthesiology has the latest equipment for providing anaesthesia and
ventilatory service in the operation theatres and the surgical intensive
care unit. The anaesthetic mortality has been very low in spite of the
complicated nature of cases that come to the hospital.
of Microbiology is involved in hospital infection control programme and
provides bacterial culture facility and serological tests for diagnosis
of infectious diseases.
of Nuclear Medicine, one of the largest in the country, has gamma cameras,
SPECT scanner and bone densitometry measurement equipment. It also runs
a radiation safety cell for the Institute.
of Pathology provides haematology, clinical chemistry, histopathology and
cytology including fine needle aspiration cytology services. Frozen section
facilities and immunohistochemistry are available. It is also equipped
with transmission and scanning electron microscopes. The department also
entertains investigations of patients referred from other institutions.
of Radiology, one of the best equipped in the country, has the state-of-the-art
imaging techniques like ultrasonography, computerized radiography, computerized
tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It has an active unit engaged
in interventional angiography including embolization and stenting of blood
vessels. The department is one of the few centres in the world to have
magnetic resonance spectroscopy facility.
of Radiotherapy has modern equipment like a dual energy linear accelerator,
simulator, high dose rate after loading unit and a computerized treatment
of Transfusion Medicine has been responsible for establishing in this part
of the country the first blood bank based on total voluntary blood donation.
It has facilities for blood component therapy and plasmapheresis also.